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Interpreting the No.1 Central Document in 2024: What to learn from the experience of "tens of millions of projects"? How to learn?

On February 3, 2024, Document No. 1 of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China and The State Council on Learning and applying the experience of the "Thousand Villages Demonstration and ten thousand Villages Renovation" project to Effectively Promote the comprehensive revitalization of rural areas was released. On February 4, The State Council Information Office held a press conference. Han Wenxiu, deputy director of the Office of the Central Financial and Economic Commission in charge of daily work and director of the Office of the Central Rural Work Leading Group, introduced that this is the 12th document guiding the work of "agriculture, rural areas" issued by the Central Committee since the 18th National Congress of the Party, which fully reflects the strategic positioning of "agriculture, rural areas" as the top priority of the party's work. For the broad masses of farmers to send the New Year's policy "gift package".

Two guarantees, three elevations, two intensifications

This year's central No. 1 document has a clear theme and clear context, guided by the experience of learning and using the "tens of millions of projects", systematically deployed the work of "three rural areas" at present and in the next period, and clarified what to grasp and how to grasp rural revitalization. Han Wenxiu said that the overall framework of the document can be summarized as "two guarantees, three enhancements, two enhancements."

The "two guarantees" are to ensure national food security and ensure that large-scale poverty does not occur. The "three improvements" are to improve the level of rural industrial development, improve the level of rural construction, and improve the level of rural governance. The "two intensification" means strengthening science and technology, reforming dual-wheel drive, and strengthening measures to increase farmers' incomes.

The theme of the central document No. 1 is to learn the experience of "ten million projects" and promote the comprehensive revitalization of rural areas. What to learn from the experience of "ten million projects"? Han Wenxiu said that the emphasis is on learning to use the ideas contained in it. For example, adhere to a blueprint to the end, steady, long time for success; Adhere to the people as the center, from the expectations of the farmers to identify the starting point and foothold of work; Adhere to the systematic concept, and promote urban and rural development and construction in a coordinated way; We will adopt policies in accordance with local conditions and categories to foster and strengthen rural industries that enrich the people. Adhere to the guidance of party building, grasp the grassroots, constantly strengthen and improve rural governance, and so on. These development concepts, working methods and promotion mechanisms have both value orientation and practical methods, which are the essence of the "ten million project" and can be learned from everywhere.

And "ten million project" experience how to learn? Han Wenxiu said that the key is to start from the actual point of entry and breakthrough. Because the situation in China's rural areas is very different, the natural conditions, local customs, development level, and work basis are different, the study and use of "ten million project" experience can not be copied, can not be divorced from the actual "one-size-fits-all". We must closely combine our own reality, start with the prominent problems strongly reflected by the peasant masses, find out exactly what to grasp, clarify how to grasp, adapt to local conditions, step by step, carry out creative work, concentrate our efforts to achieve a number of practical things that the masses can feel, and continue to achieve phased results in rural revitalization, so that the peasant masses have a more substantial sense of gain, happiness, and security.

We will ensure that grain output is kept above 1.30 trillion metric tons

The No. 1 Document of the Central Committee in 2024 emphasizes "two guarantees", of which the first one is to ensure national food security. Zhu Weidong, Deputy director of the Central Finance Office and Deputy director of the Central Agriculture Office, said that food security is "the greatest of the country". Adequate food supply and sufficient stocks have provided strong support for sustained economic recovery.

Zhu Weidong said that at the same time, we must also see that China's food structural contradictions are still prominent, the situation of tight balance between food supply and demand has not fundamentally changed, and the string of ensuring national food security cannot be loosened at any time. This year, the central No. 1 document coordinated grain production, circulation, and consumption, and made a "combination of policies." The document focuses on ensuring the supply of grain production, defines the main direction of stabilizing the area and increasing the yield per unit area, and puts forward the task goal of ensuring that grain output remains above 1.3 trillion catty.

First, stabilize the planting area. The key is to mobilize the enthusiasm of farmers to grow grain and local governments to seize grain. In order to mobilize the enthusiasm of farmers to grow grain, we will strengthen policies and measures in price, subsidies, insurance and other aspects. In terms of price, the minimum purchase price of wheat should be appropriately raised, and the minimum purchase price of rice should be reasonably determined to prevent low grain prices from hurting farmers. In terms of subsidies, we will continue to implement subsidies for arable land protection, subsidies for corn and soybean producers, and subsidies for rice, optimize the implementation of subsidies for the purchase and application of agricultural machinery, improve the response mechanism for ensuring supply and stable prices of agricultural supplies, and improve the effectiveness of subsidies. In terms of insurance, we will expand the scope of implementation of full cost insurance and planting income insurance policies, achieve nationwide coverage of the three main grain insurance, and orderly expansion of soybean insurance. Through this package of policy measures, farmers will be able to earn money and benefit from growing grain.

The second is to focus on improving per unit yield. Arable land is scarce in our country, the space for expanding cultivation area is limited, and the potential is mainly in the yield. The document clearly stated that the focus of grain production increase should be on increasing yield per unit area in a large area, implementing grain yield improvement projects, and integrating and promoting good fields and varieties. The key is to grasp the seeds and arable land two vital points.

The third is to expand food sources. Meat, eggs and milk, fruits, vegetables and fish, are the necessities of high-quality life, to solve the problem of eating, we must establish a big agricultural view and a big food view. Under the premise of protecting the ecological environment, we need food for the entire land, space and resources, and establish a diversified food supply system to ensure that the people of the country have enough, abundant and healthy food.

Fourth, strengthen grain saving and reduce losses. In a certain sense, the reduction of grain saving is to increase production and supply. The document stressed that we should continue to deepen various actions to save food, carry forward the glorious fashion of saving money, promote healthy eating, resolutely stop food and beverage waste, and make food saving a common trend in the whole society.

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