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Modern agricultural parks achieve high-quality development

In recent years, the modern agricultural park has been rapidly developed under the strong support of relevant national policies, and has been verified in the market, which is an agricultural development model in line with China's national conditions, through scientific and technological development, demonstration, radiation and promotion, greatly promote the adjustment of regional agricultural structure and industrial upgrading. Constantly broaden the scope of park construction, break the form of a single factory, greenhouse cultivation model, the various forms around agricultural science and technology can play a role in different production subjects, and around the leading industries, advantageous regions to promote farmers' income are included in the scope of park construction.

In terms of model, the company takes the principle of "sharing be

To build a modern agricultural park, it is necessary to clarify the evaluation criteria, not only to have a "high appearance level", but also to have high yield and high efficiency, so as to drive more farmers to increase their income.

Some places blindly pursue "big parks", accustomed to the government to take over, spend a lot of money to build a scale of tens of thousands of acres of agricultural parks, supporting standards are generally low, and help farmers to increase income is not good.

Some like to take the "tall" route, all in accordance with the standards of tourist attractions to create agricultural "foreign parks", impractical integration of agriculture and tourism, and built a lot of sculpture facilities with no practical value.

To build a modern agricultural park, we should proceed from reality, not blindly build a contiguous zone by digging and filling, clearing and creating barren land. Do not rely on the scale of the hero, should be to the unit area to benefit, encourage the construction of "one hundred mu of a small park of ten thousand yuan per mu", rather than the construction of "one hundred mu of a large park of one hundred yuan." It is necessary to return to the origin of agriculture, truly regard the supply of high-quality agricultural products as the main responsibility and business of agriculture, and the construction of modern agricultural parks should not be dependent on large and foreign pursuits. Although the integration of agriculture and tourism is an important direction for the development of modern agriculture, factors such as transportation, resources and industrial characteristics must be comprehensively considered.

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To build a modern agricultural park, selecting the right industry is the premise, and technology and market are the key.

Some places rely on administrative orders, and the industrial park government plans for "A industry", but the development wishes of owners and farmers are "B industry", and the government guidance is misaligned with the wishes of farmers.

Some agricultural park industries choose to blindly follow the trend and engage in "copy and paste", which is not based on the actual soil and climate conditions in various places, and the products do not meet the market requirements. Some agricultural parks have chaotic industries, planning several or even a dozen leading industries in a region or a park, and few industries with scale, climate and benefit... Industry selection must be scientific, must conform to the laws and characteristics of agricultural development, according to the elevation of the park, soil, wind direction, irrigation conditions and other factors, scientific selection of industry types, varieties, to achieve local conditions.

The industry should adhere to the market orientation, what the park plants, what to produce, to give priority to the market stability, storage, processing capacity of the industry, rather than "beat the head" at will. Industrial development should be clear about the primary and secondary, clear 1 to 2 leading industries and large-scale, intensive development, appropriate complementary development of other auxiliary industries, can not engage in a "hodgepodge".

aring risks" and takes products, technologies and services as the link, using its own advantages to selectively intervene in agricultural production, processing, circulation and sales, effectively promote the value added of agricultural products, actively promote agricultural industrialization management, and promote farmers' income. Highlighting the role of agricultural science and technology, the formation of new varieties of new technology introduction, standardized production, agricultural product processing, marketing, logistics and other forms of demonstration park network.

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What does "technology + market" decide to plant

To build a modern agricultural park, selecting the right industry is the premise, and technology and market are the key.

Some places rely on administrative orders, and the industrial park government plans for "A industry", but the development wishes of owners and farmers are "B industry", and the government guidance is misaligned with the wishes of farmers.

Some agricultural park industries choose to blindly follow the trend and engage in "copy and paste", which is not based on the actual soil and climate conditions in various places, and the products do not meet the market requirements. Some agricultural parks have chaotic industries, planning several or even a dozen leading industries in a region or a park, and few industries with scale, climate and benefit... Industry selection must be scientific, must conform to the laws and characteristics of agricultural development, according to the elevation of the park, soil, wind direction, irrigation conditions and other factors, scientific selection of industry types, varieties, to achieve local conditions.

The industry should adhere to the market orientation, what the park plants, what to produce, to give priority to the market stability, storage, processing capacity of the industry, rather than "beat the head" at will. Industrial development should be clear about the primary and secondary, clear 1 to 2 leading industries and large-scale, intensive development, appropriate complementary development of other auxiliary industries, can not engage in a "hodgepodge".

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"Owner + farmer" specifies who will grow the plants

New business entities lead the development of modern agricultural parks, and modern agricultural parks provide broad development space for new business entities. In some places, no one has been interested in the parks built, and no owners and farmers have entered. Some attracted owners are "false owners", introduced owners do not want to invest a penny, just want to rely on government project funds. It is necessary to give play to the role of public security, finance, industrial and commercial taxation and other industry departments, practice the "fire eye" of agricultural investment discrimination, and resolutely keep out the "fake owners" who simply stare at government projects. It is necessary to introduce owners with strong economic strength into the park, especially to urge enterprises to pay land rents and farmers' income in a timely manner, continue to manage and protect the industry, and prevent enterprises from "abandoning their projects" halfway.

It is necessary to follow the path of appropriate scale development, and properly control the scale of medium-sized business entities such as family farms and specialized cooperatives, so as to prevent owners from being dragged down by "greed for large and foreign goods". To revitalize low-yield and inefficient parks, owners of large-scale and poorly operated parks, as well as low-yield parks operated by village collectives, should be revitalized by attracting new owners, reversing rents, and returning to the land to the people. It is necessary to vigorously cultivate household industrial parks, and support rural households to develop moderately sized household industrial parks through self-management and rent-reversing.

"Three-part construction" needs "seven-part management"

In order to achieve high-quality development of modern agricultural parks, we must establish and improve the investment mechanism, management and protection mechanism, and avoid the formalism of rebuilding light management.

In some places, the enthusiasm of the construction of the park is high, but the follow-up management is "irrelevant, hanging high", especially the park infrastructure is unattended, resulting in "this year, next year, bad repair every year", and the park has become a waste park and waste park after completion.

Some local project funds are all used for the hardware construction of the park, and no funds are reserved for software such as industrial management and protection, technical services, and market expansion, resulting in no guarantee for the subsequent development of the park. It is necessary to establish a financial support orientation of "who develops the industry first, who will be supported, who will develop well, who will be supported", and where there are owners, the park will be built, and the financial funds will really play the role of leverage. It is necessary to strengthen the management and protection of infrastructure, adhere to the principle of "who benefits, who is in charge of protection", clarify the responsibility of management and protection, and avoid the destruction of construction, construction and destruction caused by human factors.

At the same time, the financial investment in the construction of infrastructure must be quantified property rights and equity, so that property rights are clear and responsibilities are clear. It is necessary to balance financial investment, pre-production, production and post-production, and to "lift the horse and send a journey" to the completed park, especially to reserve funds to invest in the production and post-production links, and strengthen the support of the whole link and the whole industrial chain.

It is necessary to establish an early warning mechanism for the development of the park, and to give early warning, take measures and deal with the problems existing in the development of the park such as inappropriate scale management, single sales channels of agricultural products and low level. To actively implement the "garden director system", each park should set up a special class of work by the Party committee or government responsible person as the "garden director", forming a joint force of linkage and joint management.

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"Ten thousand mu garden" is not as good as "one thousand mu Yuan"

To build a modern agricultural park, it is necessary to clarify the evaluation criteria, not only to have a "high appearance level", but also to have high yield and high efficiency, so as to drive more farmers to increase their income.

Some places blindly pursue "big parks", accustomed to the government to take over, spend a lot of money to build a scale of tens of thousands of acres of agricultural parks, supporting standards are generally low, and help farmers to increase income is not good.

Some like to take the "tall" route, all in accordance with the standards of tourist attractions to create agricultural "foreign parks", impractical integration of agriculture and tourism, and built a lot of sculpture facilities with no practical value.

To build a modern agricultural park, we should proceed from reality, not blindly build a contiguous zone by digging and filling, clearing and creating barren land. Do not rely on the scale of the hero, should be to the unit area to benefit, encourage the construction of "one hundred mu of a small park of ten thousand yuan per mu", rather than the construction of "one hundred mu of a large park of one hundred yuan." It is necessary to return to the origin of agriculture, truly regard the supply of high-quality agricultural products as the main responsibility and business of agriculture, and the construction of modern agricultural parks should not be dependent on large and foreign pursuits. Although the integration of agriculture and tourism is an important direction for the development of modern agriculture, factors such as transportation, resources and industrial characteristics must be comprehensively considered.

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