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How to achieve high yield and efficient tomato planting?

As a popular high-yield vegetable, greenhouse tomatoes are loved by farmers because of their stable yield and high-quality fruit. In order to achieve high yield and efficient cultivation, it is necessary to master a range of professional technologies.


1. Greenhouse site selection and construction

Light conditions: Choose a location with sufficient light to build greenhouses and ensure at least 8 hours of light every day, which is conducive to plant growth and fruit development.

Ventilation and drainage: the ventilation and drainage facilities of the greenhouse should be designed reasonably to avoid diseases caused by excessive humidity.

Temperature control: Install greenhouse temperature control equipment to maintain the appropriate growth temperature, which is conducive to plant growth and fruit coloring.

2. Variety selection

Early maturing varieties: Early maturing varieties adapted to local climatic conditions are selected to ensure high yields within a limited growing season.

Disease-resistant and insect-resistant varieties: Preferentially select varieties with resistance to pests and diseases to reduce the impact of pests and diseases on yield.

3. Soil preparation and fertilization management

Soil disinfection: Disinfect the soil before planting to reduce the incidence of disease.

Organic fertilizer: Add proper amount of decomposed organic fertilizer in the process of land preparation to improve soil structure and provide nutrients.

Regular fertilization: According to the needs of the growth stage, scientific application of nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium and other major nutrients to avoid nutrient deficiency or excess.

4. Cultivation technology and management

Pruning and leafing: Regularly moderate pruning and leafing of the plant to ensure ventilation and light, promote fruit differentiation.

Support management: Use a strong support system to ensure stable plant growth and prevent the fruit from directly touching the ground.

Pollination and grafting: If conditions permit, artificial pollination or grafting can be used to improve the setting rate and disease resistance.


5. Pest control

Monitoring and prevention: regular inspection of greenhouses, timely detection of pests and diseases, take preventive measures, such as hanging yellow armyworm board.

Biological control: The introduction of natural enemies or the application of biological pesticides, control the spread of diseases and pests, reduce the use of chemical pesticides.

Rational use of chemicals: If necessary, rational use of chemical pesticides, pay attention to the type and dosage of chemicals, so as to avoid negative effects on the environment and fruit quality.

6. Integration of irrigation with water and fertilizer

Water-saving irrigation: Use water-saving irrigation methods such as drip irrigation or micro-spraying to avoid water waste and soil structure deterioration.

Water and fertilizer integration: According to the needs of the plant, the fertilizer and water are rationally matched to achieve efficient nutrient absorption and utilization.

7. Harvesting and post-processing

Maturity judgment: According to the variety characteristics and fruit appearance, judge whether the fruit is mature, avoid picking too early or too late.

Handle with care: Pick with care to prevent damage to the fruit.

Classification storage: According to the size and quality of the fruit, classification storage, extend the shelf life of the fruit.

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