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Organic farming means no fertilizer, no drugs?

When the question "what is organic agriculture?" is asked, the answer is often received: "In the production process, there is no fertilization, spraying, weeding, is the so-called" lazy agriculture." It is true that most people do not use chemical fertilizers and pesticides for organic understanding, but this explanation will greatly reduce the threshold of organic agriculture.


The use of chemical fertilizers and pesticides is the general recognition of organic products.

According to the International Federation of Organic Agriculture Movements (IFOAM), "Organic agriculture is a production system that preserves soil, ecosystems and human health." It is a combination of traditional agriculture, innovative thinking and science and technology that does not rely on inputs that have adverse effects."

European Union definition: "Organic agriculture refers to the production of completely or basically no synthetic fertilizers, pesticides, growth regulators and livestock feed additives, and the use of organic fertilizer to meet the nutritional needs of crops, or the use of organic feed to meet the nutritional needs of livestock and poultry farming industry."

Chinese definition: Organic agriculture does not use organisms and their products obtained from genetic engineering in production, does not use chemical synthetic pesticides, fertilizers, growth regulators, feed additives and other substances, follows the laws of nature and ecological principles, coordinates the balance of planting and aquaculture, and adopts a series of sustainable development of agricultural technology to maintain a sustainable and stable agricultural production system. "

Organic agriculture does not use chemical synthetic substances such as fertilizers, chemical synthetic pesticides, and growth regulators, but replaces chemical fertilizers with organic fertilizers, green fertilizers, or inorganic minerals, biological fertilizers, etc., and then combines with farming methods such as crop rotation and intercropping, and uses tillage management, physical prevention and control, biological pesticides and other biological control technologies to replace chemical pesticides to fight against diseases and pests.

Therefore, no pesticides and fertilizers ≠ organic agriculture, which is a new organic agriculture beyond "no pesticides and fertilizers".

Organic farming rejects fertilizers, chemical pesticides and uses biopesticides and organic fertilizers

In organic agriculture at home and abroad, biological pesticides derived from plants and microorganisms with insecticidal and therapeutic active ingredients have been widely used to control crop diseases and pests.

Organic agriculture uses organic fertilizers instead of chemical fertilizers, and allows the use of organic fertilizers in production (including animal and plant feces and residues, plant retting fertilizer, green fertilizer, grass and wood ash and cake fertilizer, organic special fertilizer and some microbial fertilizers through organic certification) and some minerals (including potassium mineral powder, phosphate mineral powder and calcium chloride and other substances). These organic fertilizers continuously optimize the physical, chemical and biological properties of the soil, improve the soil regulation function and productivity, and create a good soil environment for healthy plant growth and high yield, quality, safety and nutrition.


Organic agriculture ≠ low yield and low efficiency

From "yield is king" to "sustainable comprehensive assessment" Most people will automatically imagine the picture of traditional agriculture when they contact organic agriculture, equating it with traditional Chinese agriculture, and associated with low yield, low efficiency, and even famine, which is also a misunderstanding of organic agriculture. Organic agriculture rejects the use of agrochemicals, but integrates modern science such as ecology, biology, biological control technology, and soil and water conservation technology to ensure the yield and quality of agricultural products.

The ecological value brought by organic agriculture is incomparable to that of "big fat medicine agriculture", and there will be no environmental costs such as environmental deterioration caused by pesticides and fertilizers, health risks of agricultural residues and heavy metals, loss of crop variety diversity, and destruction of ecosystems. The economic benefits of organic agriculture will no longer be calculated only on a per-acre basis, but should be considered in the overall ecosystem. At the same time, the price of organic produce is generally more than 30% higher than conventional produce, and organic farmers can increase their income by more than 20%.

Therefore, organic agriculture is based on the essence of traditional agricultural production, respect for the natural cycle law, a truly sustainable agricultural system, from "yield is king" to "sustainable comprehensive assessment", rather than retro and retrogressive.

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